AVALA TOWER | Informations
- Address: Avalski toranj, Avalski put bb
- Phone: + 381 11 390 75 27, + 381 65 282 57 54
- Web address: http://avalskitoranj.rs/
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Avala Tower is located 16 km south of Belgrade. Whit its hight of 511 meters, it barely avoided the classification of the hill. Mineral Avalit got its name by the mountain where it was founded. On the protected area of the Avala, there are around 600 plant species.
Monument to the Unknown Hero is also located there. Countries that fought in World War I have The Monument to the Unknown Soldier, only Serbia has the Monument to the Unknown Hero. After World War I, the local population found the grave of the unknown Serbian soldier. People from the local villages erected a modest monument to that soldier in 1922. Later, the National Committee for the erection of a monument decided to have a more representative Monument in his honor on the top of Avala mountain. The Monument was built from 1934 to 1938. Remains of a medieval town of Zrnov were destroyed with the dynamite for the purpose of constructing this Monument in 1934.
On the lower part of Avala, the Tower designed by the architects Uglješa Bogdanović and Slobodan Janjic was built in 1965. The Tower was the tallest construction in the former Yugoslavia and the Balkans. It was demolished in the 1999 bombing of NATO forces.
By the initiative of a large number of the citizens and the RTS (Radio Television of Serbia) started rebuilding of an identical tower with the use of new technologies. The Avala Tower reopened on April 21, 2010, for visitors. It offers a beautiful panoramic view of the whole Šumadija.
The Monument to Russian veterans is located slightly lower than the Monument to the Unknown Hero; it is dedicated to Russian veterans who were tragically killed in the crash of a Russian plane in 1964.